Archaeology Quick Quiz

Here is an archaeology quick quiz.

Students should be prepared to answer the following questions:

1. What kinds of sources do historians use to learn about the past?
   *Give examples of both written and non-written sources.
   *What does B.A.R.R.F. stand for?

2. What is the difference between a primary and secondary source?
   *Give an example of each type of written source.

3. How are the layers (strata) of an archaeological dig set up?
   *Why are the layers set up in this way? (Older material is deeper, new stuff closer to surface)

4. What is cultural diffusion?
   *How are ideas spread from one culture to another?
   *Give examples of ideas from one culture that have been adopted by another culture.

 How do the following pictures show CULTURAL DIFFUSION?

5. How does an archaeologist determine the age of an artifact, remain, or fossil?
   *What is the difference between absolute and relative dating?
   *Explain the scientific dating methods we studied:
          *Radiocarbon (C-14)

The Age of an Artifact

The Age of an Artifact
After reading this article, you should know: ·How archaeologists find out how old an object is ·The difference between relative and absolute dating ·Some scientific methods of absolute dating including: oRadiocarbon dating oTree ring dating oPotassium-argon dating ·What stratigraphy is ·Some examples of commonly found artifacts at dig sites

Historical Evidence

Historical Evidence: How Historians Learn About the Past
After reading this article, you should know: How historians and archaeologists learn about the pastDifferences between written and non-written sourcesWhat is oral traditionHow historians evaluate sourcesDifferences between primary and secondary sources

Archaeology Vocabulary Words and Definitions

This month we will be starting our Cluster 3 archaeological dig!

Here are the vocab words and definitions. You should have these in your notebook.

Archaeology Vocabulary
Get ready to dig…Like in the DIRT!!

Archaeology is the study of past civilizations by examining artifacts and other remains.

An artifact is an object that was made by humans and was used in the past.

An excavation is the careful digging out of a site.

A stratum is a layer of dirt.

Each stratum in a dig site represents a different period of time, and so archaeologists are very careful to remove each stratum carefully, and to study them thoroughly.

“In situ” is a Latin phrase that means “in the place it was found.”

The archaeologists photographed the statue of Zeus in situ before removing it to the museum.

Stratigraphy means removing one layer of dirt at a time.

By using stratigraphy, the archaeologists were able to see that the city had burned down and been rebuilt lat…

Archaeologists at Work: Time Team America

There is a great series from PBS called Time Team America. In it, a group of professional archaeologists, scientists, and technicians travel to an active dig site and help the local archaeologists do their work. They teach about different methods that are used to find and interpret artifacts, how items are dated, and how to reconstruct a past civilization.

In class we'll watch the PBS show Time Team America all about the archaeological dig at Range Creek, Utah. In class, you started answering questions on your worksheet that go along with the video clip. Be sure you've written these notes on the bottom:
Range Creek, UtahFremont IndiansOver 1000 years ago granary = a place for storing grain
pictograph = a picture that represents an idea
midden = an ancient trash pile

Aside from Time Team America, there was a great article in the August 2006 issue of National Geographic all about the area of Range Creek, including some detailed photos of the petroglyphs (rock art), the granaries…

Antarctica Information

If you are curious about Antarctica, the only continent with no countries or permanent settlements...

Here's a very basic and simple site to introduce Antarctica:

Antarctica and Climate Change Discovering Antarctica: "Impacts of Climate Change"
"Climate change jigsaw puzzle: Antarctic pieces missing"
British Antarctic Survey: "Climate & climate change"
"Blue lakes are appearing in Antarctica – and that’s a bad thing"

Antarctica and Space "The South Pole Is a Great Place to View Space"…

Latitude and Longitude Skills

This week in Social Studies class, we're looking at using lines of latitude and longitude to find locations on earth. Using a map to find locations, there are a few points to keep in mind:

LATITUDE lines are HORIZONTAL and measure how far NORTH or SOUTH a place is.

LONGITUDE lines are VERTICAL and measure how far EAST or WEST a place is.

When you write the coordinates of a specific place the latitude number goes first, followed by the longitude number.

Latitude and longitude points are measured in degrees. This is because our earth is round and there are 360 degrees in a circle!

If you were trying to locate the city of Boston, you would say that it lies at (42°N, 71°W). This means that Boston is 42 degrees north of the equator, and 71 degrees west of the Prime Meridian.

Tim and Moby explain latitude and longitude in a video on BrainPop--Check it out by clicking here. If you don't remember the Needham login and password, ask me during class.

If you finish early, you can check out…

Geography Unit Vocabulary

In class we wrote down the definitions of our Geography Unit vocabulary terms.

Geography Unit Vocabulary

Geography is the study of the earth, including:

LandformsClimateNatural resourcesPeopleCountriesLocations
A cartographer is a person who makes maps

3. MAP
A map is a picture of an area of the earth printed on a flat surface

A globe is a sphere that has a map of the earth on it. A globe is more accurate than a world map because it is the same shape as our planet

A hemisphere is a half of the earth
The equator separates the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.
The Prime Meridian separates the Eastern and Western Hemispheres

A map scale shows what distances on the map actually equal in real life

Latitude lines measure how far NORTH or SOUTH a place is

Longitude lines measure how far EAST or WEST a place is

The equator is the imaginary latitude line around the center of the earth.
The e…

Continents and Oceans

During the Geography Unit we'll be having a quick quiz on the continents and oceans. Our quiz will be on Tuesday, September 12th. There are 7 continents, 5 oceans, and 2 special lines to remember:

North America
South America


Special Lines
Prime Meridian

Try not to get this song stuck in your head!!

Try out these cool websites to help you study!

Online continents and oceans quiz
Another online quiz game

Here is a blank map to be used as a study guide. Click on it to print a larger version.

Here is what a filled-in map should look like:

Welcome to a New School Year!!

Welcome Students!

I'm very excited to start the 2018-2019 school year. Welcome to the High Rock Middle School! It seems like the summer flew by so fast, but I am very glad to see you all here today. There are so many fun and exciting things about sixth grade; I cannot wait to get started. You will have a tremendous year here in Cluster 3, and you’ll make some friends and memories that will stay with you for a long time. You will also be learning and accepting challenges from all your teachers this year. I am writing to introduce myself so that you can get to know me better.

This is my thirteenth year teaching sixth grade in Needham. Before this I taught third grade at the Hillside School for a couple years. It was fun teaching third grade, but I really think sixth grade is the best! I am also very glad to be teaching Social Studies, my favorite subject, as I love learning about history, looking at maps, and discovering ancient civilizations.

I am from West Roxbury, and my family …

Barbarians at the Gates: The Goths Invade

Explore some of the reasons that caused the Roman Empire to fall apart in the 4th and 5th Centuries A.D. There wasn't one simple reason, but instead a combination of factors.

In the 5th century A.D., the Roman Empire fell apart. There were two main factors that led to the downfall of the world's mightiest empire: corruption and weakness within the empire, and invasions from several barbarian tribes. In class we looked at the Goths, a tribe from Eastern Europe that began migrating into the Balkan area of what is today Bulgaria, Romania, and the former Yugoslavia.

Some key points of discussion:
The Goths sack the city of Rome in 410 A.D.The Emperor Valens was killed in a losing battle against the Goths in 378 A.D.The Roman Empire adopts Christianity as the official religion The Goths covert to Christianity under their chief Fritigern The Romans treat the Goths very harshly as they enter the Empire

Roman Emperors: Good, Bad, Ugly

Once Augustus Caesar established the imperial form of government, Rome was led by four centuries of emperors. Some of those leaders were good, others were pretty awful. Some took power by force, others were the sons or family members of previous emperors, and still others were strong military generals that had the support of the army. All of the emperors in some way pretended that the republic still existed, even though they stacked the Senate with friends and allies, or bullied and threatened the Senators into doing what the emperor wanted.

Using one or several of the following sources, quickly research each Roman emperor on the list. Include their dates, and maybe 5 or 6 bullet points about each emperor's rule. Create a Quizlet about these Roman emperors. Pay attention to each leader's accomplishments, style, and how their reign began and ended.

Augustus CaesarClaudiusNeroVespasianTitusTrajanHadrianMarcus AureliusCommodusCaracallaDiocletianConstantineRomulus Augustulus

Here …