The Founding of Rome

The Founding of Rome
The Founding of Rome is very much told through myth.
 Traces found by archaeologists of early settlements of the Palatine Hill date back to about 750 B.C.E. 
This ties in very closely to the established legend that Rome was founded in April of 753 B.C.E., which was traditionally celebrated in Rome with the festival of Parilia. 
Two founding legends exist - Romulus and Remus and Aeneas.
 Rather than contradict each other, the tale of Aeneas adds to that of Romulus and Remus.

Romulus and Remus
King Numitor of Alba Longa was overthrown by his younger brother Amulius. To do away with any further possible pretenders to his throne, Amulius murdered Numitor's sons and forced Numitor's daughter, Rhea Silvia, to become a vestal virgin. (Vestal virgins were priestesses to the goddess Vesta and were expected to never marry, under penalty of death). 
However Mars, the god of war, fell in love with Rhea Silvia and married her. As a result of this Rhea Silvia had twins, …

Greece and Rome: Cultural Diffusion

Cultural diffusion means the spreading of ideas from one culture to another.

Keep notes on the following information concerning the influence Greek culture had on the Romans.

How did the Greeks influence Roman culture in the following areas?

- The Romans worshipped Greek gods but gave them new names
- Examples: Zeus = Jupiter, Aphrodite = Venus

- Roman writers were inspired by Greek writers
- Virgil wrote the Aeneid, an epic poem about the end of the Trojan War and the hero Aeneas
- Virgil based the Aeneid on the Iliad and the Odyssey

- Romans adopted Greek forms such as temples with columns, pediment, and a rectangular floor plan
- The Romans also used the arch, which they learned from the Etruscans

- Wealthy Romans study Greek literature
- Romans often hired Greek teachers and tutors
- Greek was the language spoken by the upper class

How did the following practical skills of the Romans advance their society?

- Legal system of cour…

Ancient Rome: Maps and Geography

Today was the unofficial start of our Rome unit. Here are both blank and filled-in maps.

Please label:

Tyrrhenian Sea
Adriatic Sea
Mediterranean Sea


Po River
Tiber River


Rome Vocabulary

Please click on any vocab word for more information! 
1. amphitheater:
a round arena where games, shows, or fights are held in the center

2. aqueduct:
a bridge-like structure used to carry water from a distant source

3. assassinate:
to kill someone for political reasons