Without a stable food supply, human civilization would not exist. About 7,000-10,000 years ago something special happened: hunter-gatherers learned that they could save and plant seeds instead of continuing to wander around looking for food. This began the agricultural revolution, and the Neolithic Age of human history. Rather than moving from place to place, groups of people settled in small villages permanently.
In class, we've been looking at a few key questions about these first human settlements:
1. How did humans go from hunting and gathering to farming?
-What changes happened in the way humans lived?
-What are some advantages and disadvantages of farming?
2. What (where) are some of the earliest known settlements?
3. What was life like in an early Neolithic town? (daily life, homes, jobs, food, etc.)
4. What tools or technology did humans develop at this time?
5. What is a surplus? A scarcity? How did farming crops lead to a surplus?
6. How did trading start? Why is a surplus a necessary part of trade?
7. What does it mean for a village to have social classes?
8. What makes a civilization?