LATITUDE lines are HORIZONTAL and measure how far NORTH or SOUTH a place is.
|Latitude lines are also called parallels.|
LONGITUDE lines are VERTICAL and measure how far EAST or WEST a place is.
|Longitude lines are also called meridians.|
When you write the coordinates of a specific place the latitude number goes first, followed by the longitude number.
Latitude and longitude points are measured in degrees. This is because our earth is round and there are 360 degrees in a circle!
If you were trying to locate the city of Boston, you would say that it lies at (42°N, 71°W). This means that Boston is 42 degrees north of the equator, and 71 degrees west of the Prime Meridian.
Here's a quick video clip:
Here's a CHEEZ-TASTIC video from the 1970s!