Monday, September 10, 2012

Geography Unit Vocabulary

In class today and yesterday, we wrote down the definitions of our Geography Unit vocabulary terms. Your job is to make flash cards to study for the vocab test on 9/28.

geography
The study of the earth, its physical features, and how human activity affects it

cartographer
A person who makes and studies maps

map
A flat representation of a certain area of earth’s surface

globe
A spherical representation of the earth
(extremely accurate)

hemisphere
A half of a sphere--cartographers divide the earth into the Northern, Southern, Eastern, and Western Hemispheres

map scale
A tool that shows the relationship between distances on a map and distances in real life

lines of latitude
Imaginary lines that run horizontally and are used to locate places on earth
(also called parallels)
(measure how far North or South)

lines of longitude
Imaginary lines that run vertically and are used to locate places on earth
(also called meridians)
(measure how far East or West)

equator
The line of latitude at 0 degrees that divides the earth into Northern and Southern Hemispheres

prime meridian
The line of longitude at 0 degrees that divides the earth into Eastern and Western Hemispheres
(starts at Greenwich, England)

North Pole
The northernmost point on earth, located at 90 degrees North latitude

South Pole
The southernmost point on earth, located at 90 degrees South latitude

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