Thursday, May 9, 2013

Contributions of the Greeks

In summing up the importance of Greek culture on our civilization today, please copy the following information into the grid on page 21 of your Greece packet.

Contributions of the Greeks
Note some of the significant achievements of the Greeks in literature:

In the Theater of Epidaurus
POETRY: 
*Epic Poems - Long poems celebrating heroic deeds (like the Iliad and the Odyssey)

*Lyric Poems - Shorter poems dealing with personal feelings, such as love poetry

DRAMA:
*Many classical Greek plays are still performed

*Greeks invented comedy and tragedy as genres 


Who are some important Greek thinkers in the following fields?

FIELD: PHILOSOPHY
Thinkers: Socrates, Plato, Aristotle
Ideas or Discoveries: Seeking the truth by asking questions (also called the Socratic method


FIELD: ASTRONOMY
Thinker: Aristarchus
Ideas or Discoveries: Discovered that the Earth revolves around the sun
Hippocrates

FIELD: MATHEMATICS
Thinkers: Euclid, Archimedes, Eratosthenes, Pythagoras
Ideas or Discoveries: Major developments in geometry, mathematics, and calculus 

FIELD: MEDICINE
Thinkers: Hippocrates
Ideas or Discoveries: Discovery that there are natural causes for diseases (not just caused by angry gods). Doctors take the "Hippocratic oath" today

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