Tuesday, May 28, 2013

Greece and Rome

On page 13 of your Rome Packet, there are two charts that you should fill in using the following information concerning the influence Greek culture had on the Romans.


How did the Greeks influence Roman culture in the following areas?

RELIGION:
- The Romans worshiped Greek gods but gave them new names
- Examples: Zeus = Jupiter, Aphrodite = Venus

LITERATURE:
- Roman writers were inspired by Greek writers
- Virgil wrote the Aeneid, an epic poem about the end of the Trojan War and the hero Aeneas
- Virgil based the Aeneid on the Iliad and the Odyssey

ARCHITECTURE:
- Romans adopted Greek forms such as temples with columns, pediment, and a rectangular floor plan
- The Romans also used the arch, which they learned from the Etruscans

EDUCATION:
- Wealthy Romans studies Greek literature
- Romans often hired Greek teachers and tutors
- Greek was the language spoken by the upper class


How did the following practical skills of the Romans advance their society?

LEGAL:
- Legal system of courts, judges, and lawyers spread around the Mediterranean area
- The Roman system influences the laws of many modern European countries

ENGINEERING:
- Developed surveying and engineering skills to build an entire highway system
- Connected all parts of the Roman territory
- Used roads for trade and army movement
- Invented the use of arch and concrete

MILITARY:
- The Roman army was determined and disciplined
- Roman soldiers were experienced and professional
- The army was organized to have long campaigns
- Specially trained troops for desert, mountain, and naval battles

1 comment:

  1. It was quite hard to fit everything into the small boxes on page 13 of the packet. It is usually more fun when we take notes during class.

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