Tuesday, November 5, 2013

Archaeology Test

On Wednesday, November 13th we will have our archaeology assessment. Most of the material on the test comes from the archaeology packet, particularly the Essential Questions, chart called  Understanding History, the vocabulary, and Dating the Information and "How Old Is Old" readings.

Students should be prepared to answer the following questions.
Feel free to answer any one of them in the 'Comments" section below! 

1. What kinds of sources do historians use to learn about the past?
   *Give examples of both written and non-written sources.
   *What does B.A.R.R.F. stand for?

2. What is the difference between a primary and secondary source?
   *Give an example of each type of written source. 

3. How are the layers (strata) of an archaeological dig set up?
   *Why are the layers set up in this way? (See page 13 in your packet)

4. What is cultural diffusion?
   *How are ideas spread from one culture to another?
   *Give examples of ideas from one culture that have been adopted by another culture.

 How do the following pictures show CULTURAL DIFFUSION?

How does this show CULTURAL DIFFUSION?

How does this show CULTURAL DIFFUSION?

How does this show CULTURAL DIFFUSION?


How does this show CULTURAL DIFFUSION?

How does this show CULTURAL DIFFUSION?

How does this show CULTURAL DIFFUSION?

5. How does an archaeologist determine the age of an artifact, remain, or fossil?
   *What is the difference between absolute and relative dating?
   *Explain the scientific dating methods we studied:
          *Radiocarbon (C-14)
          *Tree Ring (Dendrochronology)
          *Potassium-argon
*Tell which dating methods would be appropriate for a given set of artifacts. This includes relative and cultural dating as well as scientific dating methods!

How would you determine the age of dinosaur FOSSILS?

How would you determine the age of an ANCIENT ROMAN COIN?

How would you determine the age of an AFRICAN MASK made of wood and human hair?

How would you determine the age of a South African MAN'S LEATHER SANDAL?

How would you determine the age of a Hittite SILVER DRINKING GOBLET?

How would you determine the age of an Egyptian PHARAOH'S HEAD SCULPTURE?

How would you determine the age of an ancient GREEK BOWL made of GOLD with writing on the rim?

How would you determine the age of an Egyptian CAT MUMMY (with kitty still inside!)?

4 comments:

  1. 1. Scientists use both written and non written sources to learn about the past. Some examples of written sources are Anne Frank's diary and the declaration of independence. Some examples of non written sources are oral tradition and carvings in rock. Scientists also use B.A.R.R.F which stands for bones, artifacts, remains, ruins and fossils.
    Claire

    ReplyDelete
  2. 2. The difference between a primary source and a secondary source is that a primary source is written at the same time as the event and a secondary source is written after the event. An example of a primary source is the Declaration of Independence because it was written at the same time as the U.S declared its independence. An example of a secondary source is a text book about the Declaration of Independence because it was written after the U.S declared its independence.
    Finn H

    ReplyDelete
  3. 2. The difference between a primary source and a secondary source is that primary sources are produced during the same time as the event, and a secondary source is produced at a later date than the event. An example of a primary source is actual tea from the Boston Tea Party. A secondary source would be a non-fiction book or a text book about the Tea Party.
    Anda G

    ReplyDelete
  4. Those picture represent cultural diffusion because they are ideas that spread through other countries. For example, Coke came from Georgia, but now its in a bunch of other places.

    Christina Daly

    ReplyDelete