Monday, September 26, 2016

Even More Antarctica Resources!

Here are some resources to help you in your research. Remember that you should have in your mind this question: Why do people go to Antarctica?

The High Rock Media Center has several databases that might help you: Check the brochure you received for logins and passwords.

Deception Island's derelict hangar: Its inhabitants fled after a series of volcanic eruptions in the Sixties
This article looks into the abandon research camps and "ghost towns" of Antarctica.
Seven abandoned wonders of Antarctica: The whaling bases, research sites and military installations that have all succumbed to the South Pole's icy weather
By Daily Mail Reporter
Antarctica is hardly the most overpopulated part of the our increasingly crowded planet. Sub-zero temperatures and six-month-long nights have guaranteed that.But there are a few hardy souls who have at least tried to build settlements of some kind there - mainly for scientific, military or nakedly commercial purposes, or course. Unsurprisingly, many of these have, for reasons that are generally obvious to anyone who values their fingers and toes, failed to prosper, leaving the icy continent littered with the remnants of human habitation.Scroll down for videoThe remains of the boilers at the whaling station on Deception Island: It was abandoned in the Great Depression, when oil prices plummetted, making harvesting oil from whales no longer viable
The remains of the boilers at the whaling station on Deception Island: It was abandoned in the Great Depression, when oil prices plummetted, making harvesting oil from whales no longer economically viable
Buried: The British base on Deception Island, which was consumed by a mudslide sparked by a volcanic eruption
Buried: The British base on Deception Island, which was consumed by a mudslide sparked by a volcano
Art and architecture site WebUrbanist has compiled a list of seven these abandoned wonders of Antartica which, it calls, 'some of the world's eeriest ghost towns'.Whale's Bay on Deception Island was first established as a base for shipping by a Norwegian-Chilean whaling company early in the 20th century.It was abandoned in the Great Depression, when oil prices plummeted and made harvesting oil from whales no longer economically viable, sitting empty until the British turned up in 1944 to establish a new shipping base.Its inhabitants fled after a series of volcanic eruptions in the Sixties. Finally a cataclysmic eruption in 1969 sent mud hurtling down onto the base, burying many of the buildings.  
All alone: In 1958 Soviet scientists set up a research station in the southern point of inaccessibility. Today all that is left is a single building almost entirely covered by snow drifts, with a lonely bust of Lenin poking out
All alone: In 1958 Soviet scientists set up a research station in the southern point of inaccessibility. Today all that is left is a single building almost entirely covered by snow drifts, with a lonely bust of Lenin poking out
Remote: In 1939 the U.S. Antarctic Service established its East Base on Stonington Island where, just a few years later, they were joined by a British base just yards away
Remote: In 1939 the U.S. Antarctic Service established its East Base on Stonington Island where, just a few years later, they were joined by a British base just yards away
Shut in 1965: On the island of South Georgia, Leith Harbour, established in 1909, was home to the largest of seven whaling stations built near the mouth of Stromness Bay
Shut in 1965: On the island of South Georgia, Leith Harbour, established in 1909, was home to the largest of seven whaling stations built near the mouth of Stromness Bay
In 1958 Soviet scientists set up a research station in the southern point of inaccessibility, shipping huts, a radio shack and a tiny power station to the spot on the back of tractors.However, the very inaccessibility of the spot - presumably what attracted them there - proved to be the base's Achilles' Heel, with the Communist pioneers lasting a grand total of 12 days before heading back to civilisation.Today all that is left is a single building almost entirely covered by snow drifts, with a lonely bust of Lenin that stood atop it peering out over the desolate ice fields. Established in 1904, the installation at Grytviken Harbour in South Georgia was once a large Norwegian whaling base and home to 300 workers employed in rendering the blubber, meat, bones and viscera of catches into oil.Situated in the most sheltered harbour of South Georgia Island, it soon attracted an Argentine meteorological station as well but, as the surrounding oceans were over-exploited, whale populations plummeted.Nigh impossible navigation: Base W on the protected shore of Detaille Island was set up in 1956 after researchers judged it the perfect setting for such an installation
Nigh impossible navigation: Base W on the protected shore of Detaille Island was set up in 1956 after researchers judged it the perfect setting for such an installation
Deception Island's derelict hangar: Its inhabitants fled after a series of volcanic eruptions in the Sixties
Deception Island's derelict hangar: Its inhabitants fled after a series of volcanic eruptions in the Sixties
By 1966 the station was forced to close, leaving behind little but a rusted jumble of equipment. The island is also home to the gravesite of Ernest Shackleton, the noted polar explorer, who died of a heart attack while his ship was moored nearby.Also on the island of South Georgia, Leith Harbour, established in 1909, was home to the largest of seven whaling stations built near the mouth of Stromness Bay.In an attempt to assuage the loneliness and discomfort of polar life, it included a library, cinema and hospital. It too fell victiom to the decline in whaling, shutting in 1965.In 1939 the U.S. Antarctic Service established its East Base on Stonington Island where, just a few years later, they were joined by a British base just yards away. Icy conditions (which you thought they would have anticipated - it being the South Pole) periodically forced both bases to close until, in 1975, the British had had enough and left for good. Her Majesty's men came back to remove the remnants of their base in the early Nineties, but the U.S. base stands to this day.Grytviken Harbour, Island of South Georgia: It once a large Norwegian whaling base and home to 300 workers, but over-exploitation led to a sharp decline in whale numbers and, by 1966, the station had to close
Grytviken Harbour, Island of South Georgia: It once a large Norwegian whaling base and home to 300 workers, but over-exploitation led to a sharp decline in whale numbers and, by 1966, the station had to close
Attempts to clear a second British base were not so successful. Base W on the protected shore of Detaille Island was set up in 1956 after researchers judged it the perfect setting for such an installation. What they didn't realise was that the year they arrived was unusually mild. In subsequent winters the bay was packed with ice, making navigation nigh impossible. When one relief ship arrived in 1959 with supplies for researchers intending to spend a long winter there, the staff changed their minds, packed up everything they could in an hour, and sailed off.Many of the supplies they had intended to live off remain on the site - including magazines, clothes, rusted tins of food and various personal effects - comprising an eerie time capsule that has sat practically untouched for more than 50 years. When a British team attempted to return to Base W in 2004 to either knock it down or preserve it as a historical site, they were again foiled by the ice.Only the brave - and those well-equipped with thermals... The island of Grytviken is also the gravesite of explorer Ernest Shackleton, who was buried alongside whalers who died there, WebUrbanist reported
Only the brave - and those well-equipped with thermals... The island of Grytviken is also the gravesite of explorer Ernest Shackleton, who was buried alongside whalers who died there, WebUrbanist reported
Even in more recent years, Antarctic explorers have found no answer to ice and the dangers it poses to sailing.Last year, for a brief period, a ghost ship appeared to shimmer iridescent blue beneath the frigid waters of Maxwell Bay in Ardley Cove, Antartica.It was the wreckage of the Mar Sem Fin (Endless Sea), a Brazilian research vessel, which was transporting a documentary team filming in the area when it got stuck in the encroaching ice. With the weather worsening, 40-knot winds whipped up waves several metres high, causing the Mar Sem Fin to list precariously and sparking a rescue mission by the Chilean Navy.The ship was left behind and water from the towering waves froze inside its hull, splitting it and sending it to the bottom of the shallow bay. And there it stayed for about a year, until the owner was able to return and use buoys to refloat it and bring it back to shore.

See the abandoned whaling base in the Antarctic (related)
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National Geographic Antarctica Interactive Map 

Check out this video all about Antarctic tourism:


Story of a Russian ship that got stuck in Antarctic ice a couple years ago

Here's a cool virtual 3D tour of Robert Scott's ship, the RRS Discovery

Race to the South Pole-- An article from the BBC about the historical quest to be the first to reach the South Pole
Robert Scott and crew

Look at this "old-school" video about the race to the South Pole in the early 1900s!




From The Boston Globe comes a story about a marathon in Antarctica-
A marathon in Antarctica, truly a one-of-a-kind vacation

From The Boston Globe

The issue of global climate change/global warming and of melting polar ice has been in the news for  while:




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