Monday, September 12, 2016

Geography Vocabulary Words

In class we wrote down the definitions of our Geography Unit vocabulary terms.


Geography Unit Vocabulary

1. GEOGRAPHY
Geography is the study of the earth, including:

  • Landforms
  • Climate
  • Natural resources
  • People
  • Countries
  • Locations

2. CARTOGRAPHER
A cartographer is a person who makes maps

3. MAP
A map is a picture of an area of the earth printed on a flat surface


4. GLOBE
A globe is a sphere that has a map of the earth on it. A globe is more accurate than a world map because it is the same shape as our planet


5. HEMISPHERE
A hemisphere is a half of the earth
The equator separates the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.
The Prime Meridian separates the Eastern and Western Hemispheres


6. MAP SCALE
A map scale shows what distances on the map actually equal in real life


7. LATITUDE LINES
Latitude lines measure how far NORTH or SOUTH a place is


8. LONGITUDE LINES
Longitude lines measure how far EAST or WEST a place is


9. EQUATOR
The equator is the imaginary latitude line around the center of the earth.
The equator divides the earth into Northern and Southern hemispheres


10. PRIME MERIDIAN
The Prime Meridian is the longitude line that divides the earth into Eastern and Western Hemispheres


11. NORTH POLE
The North Pole is the northernmost point on earth, located at 90° North


12. SOUTH POLE
The South Pole is southernmost point on earth, located at 90° South


13. POLAR REGIONS
The polar regions are the cold areas around the North and South Poles


14. TROPICAL REGIONS
The tropical regions are the hot and humid areas of earth in around the equator


15. CONTINENT
A continent is one of the seven largest land areas on earth


16. OCEAN
An ocean is one of the five largest bodies of water on earth

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