The Process of Mummification

We all know that the Egyptians are most well-known for mummifying their important dead. While it was a little different depending on the time period, with human bodies the process in essentially the same:
  • Wash the body of the dead pharaoh
  • Make an incision of the side of the body
  • Remove the four major internal organs (liver, lungs, stomach, and intestines)
  • The four organs are salted, dried, and placed in canopic jars separately
  • A large hook is shoved up the nose and the brain is mushed up
  • The brain is then drained out the nose
  • The heart is left in the body for Anubis to weigh
  • Natron (salt and baking soda) is stuffed into the body, and around it
  • The body is left for 40 days to completely dry out
  • The salt is changed several times
  • After it is dried, the body is washed of all the natron
  • Resin (tree sap) is poured on the body to seal it
  • Beginning with the fingers and toes, the body is wrapped in linen strips
  • Magic amulets and good luck charms are placed in the wrappings
  • The body is draped in a shroud
  • The body is then placed in a wooden coffin, decorated with symbols
  • The coffin is placed into one or several others, equally ornate
  • Lastly, the coffins are brought across the Nile to the tomb
  • In the tomb, the coffins are lowered into a stone sarcophagus

Hopefully that playdough man will have a happy afterlife!

Now, watch a couple of BrainPop video clips about Ancient Egypt.
Feel free to take the quizzes at the end!!