Alexander the Great

In summing up the importance of Alexander the Great, please copy the following information into your notes.



Alexander the Great and His Influence
What three military methods did King Philip use to build Macedonia’s military power?

Professional army: 
*Full-time
*Highly trained                                                   
*Well paid

New battle formations:
*phalanx (line of soldiers with long spears)


New weapons and war machines:
*Catapults
*Battering ram

Each of the following was part of Alexander’s strategy for building an empire.

STRATEGY: Conquering New Lands
HOW DID IT HELP ALEXANDER? 
*Gave Alexander additional land, power, and wealth.
*Empire extended into Egypt, Persia, India, Asia Minor, Syria, and Libya. 

STRATEGY: Establishing Features of Greek Culture in Conquered Lands
HOW DID IT HELP ALEXANDER?
*Modeling new cities after Greek cities.
*Leaving Greeks to rule colonies.
*UNIFYING ENTIRE EMPIRE 

STRATEGY: Adopting Features of the Conquered Culture
HOW DID IT HELP ALEXANDER?
*Adopted some aspects of native cultures.
*Many conquered people adopted Greek language, religion, and literature.
*Local people feel like Alexander is one of them. 

STRATEGY: Founding Cities and Naming Them after Himself
HOW DID IT HELP ALEXANDER?
*Building cities, not just destroying.
*Left Greek culture and government.
*Cities named for him remind others he is GREAT. 

STRATEGY: Establishing Alexandria (in Egypt) as an intellectual center
HOW DID IT HELP ALEXANDER?
*Library and schools in Alexandria had a HUGE impact on education and thinking.


Why did the empire break apart after Alexander’s death?
No ONE general could take Alexander’s place so several generals split the empire among themselves.







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