Thursday, May 18, 2017

Contributions of the Greeks

In summing up the importance of Greek culture on our civilization today, please copy the following information into your notes.

Contributions of the Greeks
Note some of the significant achievements of the Greeks in literature:

In the Theater of Epidaurus
POETRY: 
*Epic Poems - Long poems celebrating heroic deeds (like the Iliad and the Odyssey)

*Lyric Poems - Shorter poems dealing with personal feelings, such as love poetry

DRAMA:
*Many classical Greek plays are still performed

*Greeks invented comedy and tragedy as genres 


Who are some important Greek thinkers in the following fields? You don't have to memorize all of these Greeks' names, but at least read over the list and think about what the ancient Greeks have given to our modern culture...

FIELD: PHILOSOPHY
Thinkers: Socrates, Plato, Aristotle
Ideas or Discoveries: Seeking the truth by asking questions (also called the Socratic method)


FIELD: ASTRONOMY
Thinker: Aristarchus
Ideas or Discoveries: Discovered that the Earth revolves around the sun
Hippocrates

FIELD: MATHEMATICS
Thinkers: Euclid, Archimedes, Eratosthenes, Pythagoras
Ideas or Discoveries: Major developments in geometry, mathematics, and calculus 

FIELD: MEDICINE
Thinkers: Hippocrates
Ideas or Discoveries: Discovery that there are natural causes for diseases (not just caused by angry gods). Doctors take the "Hippocratic oath" today

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How does Greek culture influence us today?
Note some of the significant achievements of the Greeks in literature:

Field of Study                    What the Greeks Developed                Modern Example
GOVERNMENT                 DEMOCRACY                                   (Can you think of one?)

THEATER and                    COMEDY AND TRAGEDY              (movies and television)
LITERATURE                    EPIC and LYRIC POEMS                  (book series, pop songs)

PHILOSOPHY and             CONCLUSIONS based on                  (journalism, modern
HISTORY                            EVIDENCE                                         philosophy, scientific method)

ART and                              LIFELIKE sculptures,                         (modern statues, buildings)
ARCHITECTURE              TEMPLES with COLUMNS

SCIENCE and                     GEOMETRY, ASTRONOMY,            (modern math, science,
MATH                                 MEDICINE                                           medicine)











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