Showing posts from September, 2017

Archaeology Unit Vocabulary

This month we will be starting our Cluster 3 archaeological dig!

Here are the vocab words and definitions. You should have these in your notebook.

Archaeology Vocabulary
Get ready to dig…Like in the DIRT!!

Archaeology is the study of past civilizations by examining artifacts and other remains.

An artifact is an object that was made by humans and was used in the past.

An excavation is the careful digging out of a site.

A stratum is a layer of dirt.

“In situ” is a Latin phrase that means “in the place it was found.”

Stratigraphy means removing one layer of dirt at a time.

History is the study of past events.

A primary source is a document written during the same time period as it describes.

A secondary source is a document written at a later date.

Oral tradition is when history is passed down from older people to younger people by storytelling.

Prehistoric means a time bef…

Archaeologists at Work: Time Team America

There is a great series from PBS called Time Team America. In it, a group of professional archaeologists, scientists, and technicians travel to an active dig site and help the local archaeologists do their work. They teach about different methods that are used to find and interpret artifacts, how items are dated, and how to reconstruct a past civilization.

In class we'll watch the PBS show Time Team America all about the archaeological dig at Range Creek, Utah. In class, you started answering questions on your worksheet that go along with the video clip. Be sure you've written these notes on the bottom:
Range Creek, UtahFremont IndiansOver 1000 years ago granary = a place for storing grain
pictograph = a picture that represents an idea
midden = an ancient trash pile

Aside from Time Team America, there was a great article in the August 2006 issue of National Geographic all about the area of Range Creek, including some detailed photos of the petroglyphs (rock art), the granaries…

Writing an Informational Essay

In class we are learning about writing a smart, thoughtful piece of informational writing. This is the type of writing that historians, scientists, researchers, and other professionals do. Our research essay is about the frozen continent of Antarctica -- and why people go there.

For the RESEARCH PROCESS, we followed this procedure:

1. Choose the topic
2. Develop smart questions about the topic
3. Select and read reliable, interesting sources of information
4. Take organized notes to keep track
5. Review your notes for understanding

Now, it's time to start planning the essay. One great way is to create a word web to put together your thoughts and details. Remember, you should have 3 reasons why people travel to Antarctica. Here are a few of our suggested topics, and always feel free to ask Mr. Guerriero if you are looking for new sources of information:

Zoology (Animal Science)Marine Biology (Sea Life Science)Climate Change/Global Warming ScienceOceanography (Ocean Science)Prepare for Sp…

Antarctica Resources

Here are some resources to help you in your research. Remember that you should have in your mind this question: Why do people go to Antarctica?

Here are a few helpful sources that might help you collect information for your Antarctica essay. Remember, you should come to class with a general PLAN for organizing your writing.

A good plan looks like this:

Introduction to Antarctica and your 3 reasons what people go there

If you need more information, these articles might help you:

Here's a very basic and simple site to introduce Antarctica:

Antarctica and Climate Change Discovering Antarctica: "Impacts of Climate Change"
"Climate change jigsaw puzzle: Antarctic pieces missing"
British An…

Antarctica Information

Our next class project will involve a mini research essay on the frozen continent of Antarctica. We will take information from several sources to understand why people travel to such a harsh place.

 Read this brief introductory article to start off:
KidInfoBits: Antarctica

Here's a great website for exploring Antarctica more in detail:
Polar Discovery from the Woods Hole Institute

And here's another great website for exploring information about Antarctica from the National Science Foundation:
NSF in the Antarctica

And of course, there needs to be a video from Tim and Moby of BrainPop!
BrainPop: South Pole

Check out this website of the Secretariat of the Antarctic Treaty, the organization that helps make sure Antarctica is kept safe and peaceful for scientific research:
ATS - Secretariat of the Antarctic Treaty

Want to take a trip to Antarctica with your family? National Geographic offers tours:
Antarctica Family Expeditions

Here's a few interesting videos about Antarctica and t…

Latitude and Longitude Skills

This week in Social Studies class, we're looking at using lines of latitude and longitude to find locations on earth. Using a map to find locations, there are a few points to keep in mind:

LATITUDE lines are HORIZONTAL and measure how far NORTH or SOUTH a place is.

LONGITUDE lines are VERTICAL and measure how far EAST or WEST a place is.

When you write the coordinates of a specific place the latitude number goes first, followed by the longitude number.

Latitude and longitude points are measured in degrees. This is because our earth is round and there are 360 degrees in a circle!

If you were trying to locate the city of Boston, you would say that it lies at (42°N, 71°W). This means that Boston is 42 degrees north of the equator, and 71 degrees west of the Prime Meridian.

Tim and Moby explain latitude and longitude in a video on BrainPop--Check it out by clicking here. If you don't remember the Needham login and password, ask me during class.

If you finish early, you can check out…

Geography Unit Vocabulary

In class we wrote down the definitions of our Geography Unit vocabulary terms.

Geography Unit Vocabulary

Geography is the study of the earth, including:

LandformsClimateNatural resourcesPeopleCountriesLocations
A cartographer is a person who makes maps

3. MAP
A map is a picture of an area of the earth printed on a flat surface

A globe is a sphere that has a map of the earth on it. A globe is more accurate than a world map because it is the same shape as our planet

A hemisphere is a half of the earth
The equator separates the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.
The Prime Meridian separates the Eastern and Western Hemispheres

A map scale shows what distances on the map actually equal in real life

Latitude lines measure how far NORTH or SOUTH a place is

Longitude lines measure how far EAST or WEST a place is

The equator is the imaginary latitude line around the center of the earth.
The e…