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Archaeology Unit Vocabulary

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This month we will be starting our Cluster 3 archaeological dig!

Here are the vocab words and definitions. You should have these in your notebook.

Archaeology Vocabulary
Get ready to dig…Like in the DIRT!!

ARCHAEOLOGY
Archaeology is the study of past civilizations by examining artifacts and other remains.

ARTIFACT
An artifact is an object that was made by humans and was used in the past.

EXCAVATION
An excavation is the careful digging out of a site.

STRATUM
A stratum is a layer of dirt.

IN SITU
“In situ” is a Latin phrase that means “in the place it was found.”

STRATIGRAPHY
Stratigraphy means removing one layer of dirt at a time.

HISTORY
History is the study of past events.

PRIMARY SOURCE
A primary source is a document written during the same time period as it describes.

SECONDARY SOURCE
A secondary source is a document written at a later date.

ORAL TRADITION
Oral tradition is when history is passed down from older people to younger people by storytelling.

PREHISTORIC
Prehistoric means a time bef…

Archaeologists at Work: Time Team America

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There is a great series from PBS called Time Team America. In it, a group of professional archaeologists, scientists, and technicians travel to an active dig site and help the local archaeologists do their work. They teach about different methods that are used to find and interpret artifacts, how items are dated, and how to reconstruct a past civilization.



In class we'll watch the PBS show Time Team America all about the archaeological dig at Range Creek, Utah. In class, you started answering questions on your worksheet that go along with the video clip. Be sure you've written these notes on the bottom:
Range Creek, UtahFremont IndiansOver 1000 years ago granary = a place for storing grain
pictograph = a picture that represents an idea
midden = an ancient trash pile


Aside from Time Team America, there was a great article in the August 2006 issue of National Geographic all about the area of Range Creek, including some detailed photos of the petroglyphs (rock art), the granaries…